ERIC Number: ED235892
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Range and Consistency of Preschoolers' Reunion Responses in Day Care.
Sheldon, Elyse L.; And Others
A study was conducted to develop a reliable measure for assessing the variations in reunion responses exhibited by preschoolers and to determine whether individual differences were consistent over multiple observations. A total of 22 preschool children (13 boys and 9 girls) participated in the study; their reunion behaviors were observed on six occasions over a 7-week period. For each reunion episode, ratings were made of the child's initial reunion response and of all subsequent reunion behaviors. Used to record observations was the Preschool Reunion Behavior Scale, a measure consisting of 15 categories describing behaviors and indicating their affective quality along degrees from negative to positive. Contextual information was also recorded. It was found that the most frequently occurring reunion responses were affectively positive ones. Children showed the same specific reunion behavior 50 percent of the time; consistency in the general emotional tone of reunions was found in 72 percent of observations. No sex differences were found in specific reunion behaviors or in their consistency (whether mother or father was the retrieving parent was immaterial). Findings indicated that preschool children show a much broader range of greeting behaviors than do younger children. The consistency of individual differences suggests that these responses may reflect some stable dimension of parent/child interaction. (A copy of the scale is included.) (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reunion Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).