ERIC Number: ED235891
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Multimethod Assessment of Children's Social Competence.
Hughes, Jan; And Others
The purposes of this study were to investigate the interrelatedness of several measures of social competence and to determine a valid and practical combination of procedures for assessing social competence in school or clinic settings. A total of 51 sixth-grade children (23 boys and 28 girls) were administered the following measures of social competence: four sociometric questionnaires, a role-playing test, behavior observation in a simulated small-group activity, two teacher rating scales, and three self-report questionnaires (self-concept, empathy, and assertion). In addition, standardized achievement scores and ratings of physical attractiveness were obtained. Intercorrelations among the measures were made. Peer ratings, acceptance nominations, and rejection nominations were employed as criterion variables. For girls, the content of their responses to role-playing scenes, negative behavior interaction, and teacher ratings predicted performance on sociometric measures. For boys, no assessment approach consistently predicted sociometric status. Longer responses to role-playing scenes did correlate with social rejection for boys. Peer ratings of athletic ability correlated with social acceptance ratings for boys and girls. Sex differences in social skills and the importance of determinants of popularity other than social skills are discussed. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Assertiveness, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Empathy, Grade 6, Interpersonal Competence, Observation, Peer Acceptance, Peer Relationship, Questionnaires, Rating Scales, Research Methodology, Role Playing, Self Concept, Sex Differences, Sociometric Techniques
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Multiple Measures Approach; Physical Attractiveness; Popularity
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).