ERIC Number: ED235882
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Consistency of Aggressive Behavior across Time and Situations.
Eron, Leonard D.
Results of a longitudinal study conducted over a 21-year period indicated that aggressive behavior remains stable across time, situations, and generations within families. Data were first collected by a survey of all third-grade schoolchildren in a semirural county in New York State. The sample included approximately 870 children (with a modal age of 8 years). Approximately three-quarters of the children's mothers and fathers were interviewed. At the 10-year followup, 427 of the original subjects were reinterviewed. One of the most impressive findings was the stability of aggressive behavior over time and across situations. The third phase of data collection, begun when subjects' modal age was 30, involved approximately 409 members of the original sample. Data concerning these subjects and 223 other subjects were obtained from the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services, the Division of Motor Vehicles, and the Departments of Mental Hygiene and Health. Interviews were also held with the spouses of 165 subjects and with 82 of the subjects' children. Correlational analysis revealed a relationship between aggression at age 8 and later encounters with the law as indicated by driving and criminal offenses. Children nominated as more aggressive by their third-grade classmates committed, on the average, more serious crimes as adults than did peers rated less aggressive. Finally, it was suggested that aggression appears to be a characteristic that is transmitted across generations. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cross Generational Studies
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).