ERIC Number: ED235749
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Nation-wide College Entrance Examination--Current Practice and Critical Issues.
The Joint Entrance Examination of Universities and Colleges (JEE), the college entrance examination in the Republic of China, is discussed. It is suggested that the competitive selective process for college and university admission has survived for many centuries because it has served certain social functions. The system has been perceived and has served as a channel for upward mobility for the underprivileged social groups. In China, there is honor attached to an academic degree and attending college is very important. All high school students who wish to attend college must take the entrance examination. The student selects a basic field of study (natural sciences and engineering; arts and humanities; biological, medical, and agricultural science; or social sciences, commercial, and legal studies). The student also indicates preferences for departments as well as the institution, and the order of these preferences. The JEE consists of a 2-day examination program covering six subjects, of which three are required: Chinese, English and Sun-Yat-sen's doctrine. Attention is directed to the format and scoring of the test and the following issues: the conception of fairness, the ranking of schools, the increasing demand for commercial coaching services, the preparation of the test items, the feasibility of a two-step examination, student placement in college, and the competitive nature of this system and the emphasis on drilling for the examination. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Symposium commemorating the tenth anniversary of the University of Tsukuba (Japan, September 28-30, 1983).