ERIC Number: ED235633
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Communicating with Mentally Retarded Persons: Asking Questions and Getting Answers.
Sigelman, Carol K.; And Others
The study was undertaken as part of an effort to poll mentally retarded persons about their needs, attitudes, and circumstances in order to form an information base for policymaking. Five different studies were conducted to determine the ability of mentally retarded people to understand questions and use speech to convey facts and opinions. Each study involved interviewing mentally retarded children or adults as well as a "significant other." In chapter two, a review of the literature cites research implications for interviewing mentally retarded people. The five study designs are described in the next chapter, with attention to measuring responsiveness and analyzing reliability and validity. The fourth chapter reviews the logistical aspects of the interview approach and offers suggestions for such aspects as obtaining consent, scheduling, and using specific questioning approaches. Chapter five focuses on responsiveness and discusses the difficulties interviewees had in providing appropriate responses. Chapter six evaluates the reliability of interviewee responses over time, while chapter seven assesses the validity of responses (using correct-incorrect questions and agreement with parents/attendants as measures of validity). In chapter eight, direct comparisons of alternative questioning strategies are presented. Following a summary chapter, appendices provide sample interview schedules, suggestions for accessing mentally retarded persons for interviews, and sample explanation/consent forms. (CL)
Descriptors: Attitudes, Communication Skills, Interviews, Language Acquisition, Mental Retardation, Questioning Techniques, Research Methodology
Texas Tech University, Research Training Center in Mental Retardation, Box 4510, Lubbock, TX 79409 ($15.00).
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Handicapped Research (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Research and Training Center in Mental Retardation.