ERIC Number: ED235592
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Eight Education Systems: Resource Allocation Policies in the Government School Systems of Australia and New Zealand. Staffing and Resources Study Report No. 1. ACER Research Monograph No. 16.
McKenzie, Phillip; Keeves, John P.
A comparative analysis of staff allocation in the six Australian States, the Australian Capital Territory, and New Zealand, this report describes existing structures and policies at the education system level and identifies innovative policies worthy of further examination. After an explanation of the background and conceptual framework of this study, the changing structures of the education systems over the past decade are discussed, particularly the devolution of authority to schools, including greater responsibility for curriculum development and administration, and the movement toward administrative decentralization of the Australian systems. The following chapters describe variations in the size and structure of schools among the systems studied, and the number and characteristics of teachers and other staff. A chapter on the allocation of personnel resources to government schools discusses the mechanisms of staff allocation and the formulae determining allocations. Teacher salary costs are detailed, and the final chapter offers policy options in response to pressures for change. Recommendations include coordination of different sectors of education systems, further devolution of administration to regional offices, progress toward more appropriate structure and size of schools, school-based curriculum development, and greater school authority for staff selection. Appendixes include classification of teachers and notes to the numerous tables. (MJL)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Needs Assessment, Preschool Education, Public Schools, Resource Allocation, Retrenchment, School Demography, School Organization, School Statistics, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Distribution, Teacher Salaries
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Australian Education Council, Canberra.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.
Identifiers: Australia; New Zealand
Note: For related documents, see EA 016 156-159.