ERIC Number: ED235489
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Image Makers: Reporters or Sources.
Petruzzello, Marion C.
To explore how news sources are used by media to create a social image of women during key suffrage events of 1858, 1920, and 1970, the front page stories of the "New York Times" were reviewed for 1 week prior to and 1 week following each of these events: May 14, 1858, the Eighth National Women's Rights Convention in New York City; August 27, 1920, passage of the Nineteenth Amendment by Congress; and August 20, 1970, the first Women's Rights Strike March. Once the "New York Times" policies and historical events of each period were known, investigation began into who were these sources of information and what type of image they projected. Results revealed that the sources of information for all three periods remained much the same. They were men and women dedicated for the most part to the movement issues. Those who traditionally opposed the movement such as the church, government, and police were used as sources to a minimal degree. Although the articles should have produced a positive image of women, they did not. This is in part accounted for by how the reporter interpreted the information. It seemed to make no difference whether the reporter was male or female. The reporter reinforced negative images by using words such as "weakminded" and "wife of" or by writing of the event itself and not of issues surrounding each news story. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Journalism History; New York Times
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (66th, Corvallis, OR, August 6-9, 1983).