ERIC Number: ED235469
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
Inferences and the Construction of Mental Models in Reading Comprehension.
Blanchard, Harry E.; Brewer, William F.
Two experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that readers make inferences if those inferences are necessary for the reconstruction of the writer's model. Each experiment involved the same 42 subjects who read a series of short passages. The first experiment examined inferences pertaining either to the underlying global situation of a passage or to local events within it, while the second differentiated between local inferences required for reconstruction of the writer's mental model and those not required. In each experiment, subjects first read a passage, then several test sentences, some of which tested information that was presented (explicit) and some of which tested information not presented in the passage. The subjects had to decide, as quickly and accurately as possible, if the sentence was consistent with information in the passage. Interaction between explicit/implicit presentation and inference type indicated that readers do, indeed, make inferences if the inferences are necessary for the reconstruction of the writer's mental model. (A sample passage and its test questions are appended.) (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Inferences; Reader Text Relationship
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, IL, May 5-7, 1983).