ERIC Number: ED235448
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Punitive Parents as Models: Effects of Reward-Incentives and Sex of Model on Recall of Punitive Parental Behaviors.
Pittman, Elaine; And Others
One prediction derived from observational learning theory is that children learn parental-role behaviors by observing parental models. Variables which strongly influence behavior acquisition and performance during observational learning are the behavioral consequences of an action, and the sex of the behavioral model. To evaluate the effects of these variables and the effect of reward-incentives on the ability to recall modeled punitive parental behaviors, girls between the ages of 6 and 8 (N=24) watched one of two films dipicting a father, mother, and child interacting at the dinner table. Half the girls saw a father-punitive, mother-neutral dyad, while the others observed a mother-punitive, father-neutral dyad. Each child then reported as many of the modeled parental behaviors as possible, first without incentives, then with incentives for additional behaviors recalled. Results showed that the girls recalled the punitive model's behavior more than the neutral model's, regardless of the model's sex or the presence or absence of incentives. However, providing incentives increased recall of both punitive and neutral behaviors, although punitive behaviors were most affected. The male-punitive, female-neutral dyad was particularly salient, but only in the incentive condition. The findings support earlier research conclusions that children observe and learn behaviors of same and opposite sex models with equal proficiency. (Author/WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (29th, Atlanta, GA, March 23-26, 1983).