ERIC Number: ED235410
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Sex versus Sex Role as Predictors of Conversational Gaze Behavior.
Hopper, Charles H.; And Others
Research has shown that females gaze more than males while speaking and listening regardless of the sex of their partner. To determine if these differences are due to biological sex or sex role, 24 dyads, in which subjects were matched on sex and sex role, conversed for 10 minutes while patterns of speech and gaze were recorded by two judges. Results were analyzed by computer. Analyses of variance with sex and sex role as between subject factors, pairs nested within sex by sex role conditions, and subjects nested within pairs revealed no significant differences among the groups for percent, frequency, or duration of gaze. When the conditional probability of each subject's gaze during his/her own vocalizations and pauses and during his/her partner's vocalizations and pauses was examined, there was an effect of sex but not of sex role. The gaze of males (especially feminine males) dropped significantly more than the gaze of females during the subject's own pauses. No differences were found between male and female gaze during their partner's speech turn. The findings suggest that differences in conversational gaze behavior are due at least in part to sex differences rather than learned sex role behaviors. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Conversation; Eye Contact; Gaze Patterns
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (29th, Atlanta, GA, March 23-26, 1983).