ERIC Number: ED235107
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug-13
Reference Count: 0
China under the Four Modernizations: Part 1. Selected Papers Submitted to the Joint Economic Committee. Congress of the United States, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session.
Joint Economic Committee, Washington, DC.
The policies and performance of the post-Mao Chinese government (1976 to the present) in the four modernization areas of industry, agriculture, science and technology, and the military are examined. Realizing that the program to modernize the economy of the People's Republic of China, which was initiated by Mao's successors in 1977, was much too ambitious, the current Chinese leadership is in the process of adjusting, reorienting, and retrenching the four modernizations into something more pragmatic, realistic, and attainable. Included among the topics are: economic growth; major developments in the Chinese economy since Mao's death; how the Chinese transportation network has been expanded to meet economic needs; population growth and control; the different economic and social roles of the urban and rural labor forces; why Chinese modernization has not entailed urbanization; how key industries are adjusting to meet the needs of modernizing China; plans for reforming industry; rural industrialization; agricultural productivity; science and elitism; Chinese attitudes towards technology transfer; whether or not military modernization has remained in its position as last in priority; and resource allocation for the military. (RM)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Communism, Demography, Economic Change, Economic Development, Foreign Countries, Industrialization, Industry, Labor Force, Military Organizations, Modernization, Population Growth, Rural Areas, Sciences, Technology, Technology Transfer, Transportation, Urban Areas
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 052-070-05758-1, $7.50).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Joint Economic Committee, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: China; Elitism
Note: For a related document, see SO 015 042. Tables and figures marginally legible due to small print and dark background.