ERIC Number: ED235100
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Dewey and Kohlberg: A Comparative Analysis.
Mitchell, Steve H.
Although Kohlberg has stated that his moral reasoning theory is a refinement of Jean Piaget's and John Dewey's approaches, some educators have concluded that Kohlberg has misinterpreted Dewey's approach. However, the statement that Kohlberg is not of the Deweyan tradition seems unfounded. Actually, a thorough examination shows that numerous commonalities exist between the two approaches. For example, Kohlberg has demonstrated that not only did Dewey postulate three levels of moral reasoning, but that these levels correspond to his own three levels as well. There are additional areas of fundamental agreement: (1) both see the organism as actively interacting with the environment to seek equilibrium; (2) both make a distinction between the content and process of thinking; (3) both support major changes in the educational system with a more implicit concern for moral education and a de-emphasis on highly competitive achievement; (4) both argue against educational practices inculcating moral beliefs upon students; (6) both emphasize that education should be more democratic; and (7) both accentuate the importance of the child's perception of environmental consequences to actions. It appears that the differences between the two approaches are a matter of degree and are more congruent than originally concluded. (LH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dewey (John); Kohlberg (Lawrence); Moral Reasoning