ERIC Number: ED235088
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
International Cooperation in Energy Policy: Impacts on Development in Third World Nations.
Preda, Michael A.; Hudspeth, Ernest M., Jr.
Arranged into four parts, the paper discusses the importance of international and institutional cooperation and the appropriate use of technology in the search for new and renewable energy sources. The first part of the paper discusses the inevitable depletion of the world's oil supply, the increasing interdependency of nations, the implications of a transition from oil to other energy forms, the importance of preventing ecological imbalances, and the need for global cooperation in implementing sound energy policies. The second part of the paper deals with four international institutions that promote cooperation in energy planning. The objectives of the 1981 United Nations Conference on New and Renewable Sources of Energy are detailed and the basic goals of the Nairobi Plan of Action are listed. The third part suggests that the answer to energy needs is appropriate technology. Further, it is suggested that a combination of traditional and modern technologies seems to be a viable energy option in developing nations. Discussed is wind energy, biogasification, forestry conservation, solar power, and nuclear energy. In part 4, the paper concludes that improvements in the energy output and efficiency of third world nations can occur through a willingness by developed nations to provide assistance, and presents two basic viewpoints regarding international cooperation and aid to the third world. In addition, two tables presenting energy cooperation projects of 22 organizations in the United Nations System are provided. (LH)
Descriptors: Alternative Energy Sources, Cooperative Planning, Depleted Resources, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Energy, Energy Conservation, International Organizations, International Programs, International Relations, Nuclear Energy, Power Technology, Solar Energy, Technical Assistance, Wind Energy
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Appropriate Technology; Biofuels; Energy Consumption; Energy Crisis; Energy Development; Energy Policy; Energy Sources; International Cooperation; Photovoltaic Systems; Renewable Energy Resources; Renewable Resources; United Nations
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association (Mexico City, MX, April 5-9, 1983).