ERIC Number: ED234991
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Directions in Environmental Education and Their Implication for the Training of Primary School Teachers in the Transvaal: Towards a Synthesis.
Hurry, Lynn Boyd
This study identifies worldwide trends in environmental education (EE), and in light of these trends, suggests ways of improving EE training of primary school teachers. The study begins with a discussion of EE definitions, providing a South African definition and including a list of guiding principles for effective EE at schools/universities. The term "environmental literacy" is introduced, which describes individuals who have environmental knowledge, and whose attitudes, values, and behavior patterns reflect concern for the environment. Expressing the view that all primary teachers should be trained in EE, a training model for these teachers is proposed. The model focuses on developing environmental literacy and the didactics of effective EE (teacher-training). Eighteen key elements are identified as important for such teacher education, 8 related to learning-and-responding training and 10 related to teacher-training. These elements are used to assess four Bachelor of Primary Education (BPE) programs in the Transvaal. Although little stands in the way of universities in developing effective EE programs, the study identifies a number of problem areas in EE and concludes that none of the universities has environmental literacy as a basic aim of its BPE programs. Recommendations to these universities on possible improvements to these programs are included. (JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Environmental Education Research; Environmental Literacy; South Africa (Transvaal)
Note: Document may not reproduce well. Requirement for the degree of Doctor of Education, University of South Africa.