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ERIC Number: ED234909
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Perceptions of Low-Income Mothers Toward School Desegregation.
Using a sample of l00 low-income suburban mothers of Head Start preschoolers, a study was conducted to determine (1) the extent that low-income mothers' perceptions, conceptions, and attitudes differ on desegregation; and (2) the extent that low-income mothers differ, as a result of having or not having children participate in mandatory desegregation, with respect to age, marital status, and ethnic affiliation. A 46-item parent attitude questionnaire, using a 5-point Likert scale, addressed school desegregation, busing, parent/school relations, pupil racial awareness, quality of education, and student achievement. Variables of marital, employment, and educational status were used in determining mothers' attitudes toward desegregation. General results revealed that quality education, smaller class size, better discipline, and ethnic interaction were perceived by parents as being advantages. Distance from home, lack of decision-making involvement, and extracurricular program limitations were seen as being disadvantages. Concern was voiced for money spent, bus discipline, and quality education within city and county school districts. Findings indicated that suburban parents of preschoolers believed in the concept of quality education, did not favor busing, opposed court-ordered desegregation, viewed suburban schools as better equipped to provide quality education, and saw busing as a racial issue. Researchers' recommendations included the development of human relations and inservice programs, expansion of studies and investigations, and increased pupil access to kindergarten. (The questionnaire, total responses to the questionnaire, and demographic data forms are included.) (BJD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. School of Education.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Head Start Supplementary Training Program