ERIC Number: ED234900
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
Beyond Egocentrism: Developing Symbolic Uses of Spatial Information.
Presson, Clark C.
Reported are research findings that (1) illustrate the importance of primary spatial orientation for children's and adults' use of symbolic spatial skills and (2) indicate the importance of the distinction between primary and secondary spatial orientation. At least two major ways exist in which humans gather and use spatial information. The conceptually and developmentally primary manner of use guides immediate orientation and action in space. Secondary uses of spatial information include symbolic representation and various aspects of spatial thought (for example, drawing or reading maps, mental rotation, perspective problems). The distinction between primary and secondary uses of space has not been consistently pursued, and the ongoing role of primary orientation in the post-infancy years for all spatial tasks has been overlooked. Research findings indicate that primary orientation to immediate space affects the ability to use spatial symbols and to establish in a secondary way their correspondence with specific spatial information. The importance of the contrast between primary and secondary spatial systems can be seen also in differing modes by which spatial information is learned. Some areas needing additional study are specified and a promising direction for further research is described. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Symbolic Thinking; Symbols (Cartography)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (Chicago, IL, May 5-7, 1983).