ERIC Number: ED234896
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
Oh Where, Oh Where: Memory-Based Searching by Very Young Children.
DeLoache, Judy S.
Research findings suggest the existence of three types of primitive regulation in the behavior of 1 1/2- to 2 1/2-year old children in memory tasks. When children are presented with a game of hide-and-seek to be played with a small stuffed animal, regulatory behavior appears to be related to children's use of stimulus information, precursors of mnemonic strategies, and organization of memory-based strategies. Concerning use of stimuli, evidence indicates the existence of a developmental progression in very young children's use of available cues and suggests that very young children's spontaneous behavior in memory tasks is in many ways analogous to later, more sophisticated strategies. In reference to mnemonic strategies, children exhibited task relevant vocalization, looked or pointed at the object's hiding place, hovered near, peeked at the toy, and attempted to retrieve it before a designated time. These behaviors resemble the mature mnemonic strategies of rehearsal and monitoring, and could function to keep alive information to be remembered. Regarding strategy organization, older and younger children whose mean ages were 27- and 21-months, respectively, were found to exhibit qualitatively different searching strategies after a hidden object had been surreptitiously moved. Younger children tended to search in places where the object had previously been hidden, whereas older children may have generated plausible hypotheses to explain the toy's absence, which then guided their subsequent search efforts. (Concluding remarks indicate limitations on children's early self-regulation and suggest how children overcome such limitations. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Search Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Carnegie Symposium on Cognition (18th, Pittsburgh, PA, May, 1983).