ERIC Number: ED234889
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Change as a Function of Play: Toot! Toot!
Bishop, Jay K.
Following the work of Vygotsky, this paper explores three dimensions of change in play therapy: linear, additive, and emergent pivotal structures. In therapeutic play, the child expresses actions and initiates movements, sounds, and gestures. Then, seemingly "out of the blue," the child shifts such gestures to an episode containing unrelated behaviors. This shift of activity is called a "pivot." More precisely, a pivot is a shift in action within an action, a turning point in a flow of events. In therapy, the stopping, starting, continuation, and modification of play sketch out the domain of the pivot and the foundations for change in therapy. Whether linear, additive, or emergent, the number of pivots in a session is not relevant; however, the purpose each plays and the structure and function each portends are significant. In play therapy, the pivot belongs to the child and is stimulated as a representation of the child's need for meaning. (RH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Therapeutic Play
Note: Paper presented at the Child Welfare League of America Conference (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, June 24, 1983).