ERIC Number: ED234722
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
Observations on the Organization of Social Research.
Rossi, Peter H.
The organization of social research is discussed. Attention is directed to the following concerns: the forces that foster organizations of research into centers and institutes and the informal organization of research into collaborative efforts; the forms taken by research organizations in the present and the advantages/disadvantages of each form in relation to the functions for which organizations are apparently devised; and the optimal organizational forms for research purposes of different sorts. It is suggested that research organizations vary in size, amount of funding, and structural characteristics. In collegia, or informal research groups, members tend to be of equal status and engage in few concerted research efforts. The least to most complex research organization, in order of complexity, can be classified as follows: collegia, consortium, institute, and research firm. Research firms have elaborate divisions of labor, hierarchies of authority, and status within professional cadres. Research firms and academic departments have radically different organizational principles. These differences have implications for conducting large-scale surveys. Problems of the social research enterprise, including salaries, retaining research personnel, and deciding research topics, are also discussed. (SW)
Descriptors: Consortia, Departments, Higher Education, Institutional Characteristics, Organization Size (Groups), Organizations (Groups), Power Structure, Research and Development Centers, Research Projects, Social Science Research
Seminar Press, New York, NY.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: NIE R and D Centers and Regional Educational Labs
Note: In: Rossi, Peter H. and Williams, Walter, Eds. Evaluating Social Programs. New York, Seminar Press, 1972, p267-286; reprinted from Richard O'Toole (Ed.), The Organization Management and Tactics of Social Research, Cambridge, MA, Schenkman Publishing Company, 1971, p151-172. For related documents, see ED 112 473, HE 016 673-685, and HE 016 689.