ERIC Number: ED234385
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Post-Revolutionary Portuguese Press: New Faces, Old Problems.
Agee, Warren K.; Traquina, Nelson
The Portuguese press is now guaranteed free access to official sources of information, professional confidentiality, freedom of publication and of competition, and the independence of the professional journalist; yet its ability to influence public opinion is limited by a traditional expectation of governmental repression and by present financial difficulties. The government's control of five daily newspapers representing almost 50% of the daily press's total circulation, the disproportionate strengthening of state-owned newspapers by government grants based on circulation, and the politicization of most newspapers through government appointment of many newspaper directors are a few of the factors restricting newspapers' political independence. A readership limited to urban, educated citizens and the financial weakness of most newspapers--caused by low circulation, excessive competition, heavy printing costs, and inflation--are some of the sources of the newspapers' financial problems. The Portuguese press must continue to work toward political and economic independence in order to perform its duty of informing public opinion. (MM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (66th, Corvallis, OR, August 6-9, 1983).