ERIC Number: ED234335
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Irrational Beliefs as Moderators of the Life Stress-Depression Relationship.
Kelly, Lily M.; Lahey, Benjamin
Considerable research and theory have focused on the concept of life stress, defined as major changes occurring in an individual's life, such as divorce, loss of employment, or the death of a significant other. To examine the role of irrational beliefs in the life stress-depression relationship, 286 college students completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Life Experiences Survey (LES) and the Irrational Belief Test (IBT). As in previous research, significant positive correlations were found between the LES and BDI. There were also significant correlations between the IBT and BDI, as well as for five specific subtests of the IBT. The moderating effect was analyzed by examining the correlations between the LES and BDI for each quartile of the IBT. No systematic pattern of correlations emerged. The IBT was not a moderator of the life stress-depression correlations for this sample. The fact that significant relationships between irrational beliefs and depression were found, while no relationship between varying degrees of irrationality and the life stress-depression relationship were obtained, constitutes a need for reevaluation of the view that cognitions are a crucial agent for change with depressed persons. It may be that irrational beliefs are cognitive aspects of the depressed state as opposed to causal agents in depression. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Irrational Beliefs; Life Events
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (29th, Atlanta, GA, March 23-26, 1983).