ERIC Number: ED234011
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
The Use of English as a Medium of Instruction in the First Three Grades of Zambian Primary Education. African Studies in Curriculum Development & Evaluation No. 48.
Munungwe, Fidelis Mwinlembo
This study was conducted to identify problems teachers face in using English as the language of instruction in the early grades of Zambian primary school, and to investigate the difficulties young pupils meet because of learning through English rather than through their mother tongue. The first chapter sets forth the historical background of the use of English in the schools. In the second chapter, the practical realities of using English at the primary level of instruction are discussed, focusing on the production and distribution of instructional materials and classroom problems. It is pointed out that children find it difficult to grasp new concepts presented in a language that is strange to them. Chapter 3 outlines data collection methods, and explains the uses and functions of the questionnaires submitted to teachers and the rationale for classroom observations. Chapter 4 presents an analysis of the questionnaire results, and discusses findings on teachers' personal attitudes toward teaching in English, problems they face, usefulness of teaching materials, and success of English as the language of instruction. The recommendation is made that children be instructed in their mother tongue for the first two years of schooling. (JD)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Communication Problems, Culture Conflict, Curriculum Development, Developing Nations, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Instructional Materials, Language of Instruction, Multilingualism, Second Language Instruction, Teacher Effectiveness
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Kenya Inst. of Education, Nairobi.; Nairobi Univ. (Kenya).; German Agency for Technical Co-Operation, Nairobi (Kenya).; African Curriculum Organisation.
Note: Best copy available.