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ERIC Number: ED233873
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Women's Access to Agricultural Extension Services in Botswana.
Bettles, F. M.
Extension services to women in rural Botswana, particularly emphasized since the women's extension program began in 1975, must take into account constraints faced by female farmers, as past development processes have concentrated on male perceptions of concern (the beef industry, modernizing the economy). In Botswana, agriculture has traditionally been the responsibility of women (with men doing the plowing and planting), while men are concerned with the livestock which are wealth/status symbols. Female-headed households, many having inadequate draft animals or labor to do agricultural tasks, are increasing due to lack of income opportunities in rural areas and consequent male out-migration. Since creation of the post of Agricultural Officer/Women's Extension in 1975, efforts have been made to include women in extension services, such as membership on farmers' committees and participation in talks/courses on agricultural topics. Recommendations for the future include expanding the Women's Extension Unit, examining performance of female officers in Agricultural Field Services, making more Agricultural Demonstrators aware of the role women play in rural development, developing projects relevant to women's needs (beekeeping, vegetable gardening, poultry keeping, rabbit keeping, sorghum milling), evaluating/developing women's courses at the Rural Training Center, and increasing liaison with other ministries, non-governmental agencies, and organizations. (MH)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ministry of Agriculture, Gaborone (Botswana).
Identifiers: Botswana
Note: Prepared for Ford Foundation Workshop on Women in Agricultural Production in Eastern and Southern Africa (Nairobi, Kenya, April 9-11, 1980).