ERIC Number: ED233821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Conditions of Life and Parental Values.
Burns, Ailsa; And Others
Kohn's work on the relationship between social class and parental values was expanded by searching for value dimensions other than Kohn's self-direction/conformity construct and by investigating three aspects of social structure: immigrant status, quality of neighborhood, and housing type. Data were collected from parents of 305 9- to 11-year-old children residing in Sydney, Australia. Kohn's parental values instrument was used, and data were analyzed by multivariate regression. Immigrant status, neighborhood quality, family income, child's sex, and street type all predicted particular parental value sets. Non-Anglo immigrants differed from other groups in their strong emphasis on school performance and sibling relations. Parents in lower risk/higher quality neighborhoods put greater value on children's sociability than did those in higher risk/lower quality neighborhoods. Self-control, school performance, and tidiness were favored by middle-income families. Parents living in industrial/commercial streets devalued school performance, achievement striving, and curiosity. Parental occupation and education did not have significant predictive power over and above the contribution of social structural variables. Reanalysis of the data according to Kohn's factor-analytic procedure gave the traditional self-direction/conformity factor, but immigrant status, quality of neighborhood, and income continued to explain more variance than did occupation or education. Implications of the findings are discussed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia (New South Wales)
Note: Figures on last page will reproduce marginally because of light type in original document. Research supported by grants from the Australian Research Grants Committee and Macquarie University.