ERIC Number: ED233800
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Preschool Children's Concepts of Their Peers.
Herz, Joan A.; And Others
A study was conducted to assess the ability of 4-year-olds to make differentiated judgments of characteristics of their nursery school classmates. A paired-associates sociometric task, a technique that does not rely heavily on verbal skills and is reliable with young children, was used to obtain these judgments. Children were presented with all possible pairs of pictures of class members and were asked to use these pairs to respond to each of four questions. The questions tapped sociometric preference, a cognitive skill, and two aspects of classroom behavior. Participants were 11 boys and 8 girls, averaging 55 months of age at the time of the first session. Testing was repeated in the fall and spring to assess changes over time. Additionally, test-retest reliability was assessed. Results indicated intraindividual consistency and interindividual agreement concerning children chosen, but no differential response to the four questions was found. Instead, children rated by teachers as being more popular in class were usually selected as having each of the four characteristics. Little change in these patterns occurred over the school year. The results were seen as a reflection of the second stage of a proposed three-phase model of the development of children's peer concepts. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Detroit, MI, April 21-24, 1983).