ERIC Number: ED233758
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Quality Circles in the Classroom: An Experiment in the Pedagogical Uses of Japanese Management Methods.
An on-going experiment in the classroom use of the Japanese quality circle concept of consensus and group management has been conducted for the past 2 years at the Ogontz Campus of Pennsylvania State University. Quality circles composed of the teacher and eight student volunteers meet weekly for 45 minutes, with each member informing three other students of quality circle activities and soliciting suggestions from them. Initial meetings consist of a description of the history and functioning of quality circles and the development of a code of ethics for the group. Subsequent meetings focus on details of classroom routine and management, the content of the course, and methods of presenting the subject matter and increasing class participation. All of the judgements of the group on these matters are accepted as final and implemented into the classroom. Brainstorming and cause-and-effect diagrams, which are normally associated with industrial models, are used in the quality circle sessions. As a result of the quality circles, the courses involved were substantially revised; contact between the instructor and students was increased; students were convinced that they and their input were important; a bonding occurred among quality circle members; the classes became more responsive; and students' decision-making and problem-solving skills, as well as their willingness to assume responsibility and and obligation, were enhanced. (LL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Quality Circles
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Eastern Community College Social Science Association (9th, Williamsburg, VA, March 23-26, 1983).