ERIC Number: ED233701
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Symbionic Technology and Education. Report 83-02.
Cartwright, Glenn F.
Research findings indicate that major breakthroughs in education will have to occur through direct cortical intervention, using either chemical or electronic means. It will eventually be possible to build sophisticated intelligence amplifiers that will be internal extensions of our brains, significantly more powerful than present day computers, which may even be directly wired to the brain for both input and output. Development of such symbionic (symbiotic + bionic) devices can be projected based on emerging research in five areas: (1) "emgors" (electromyogram sensors) for controlling artificial limbs; (2) brain pacemakers and electrical brain stimulation; (3) biocybernetic communication and neurometrics, including the link between brain wave patterns and specific thoughts; (4) artificial intelligence; and (5) biocybernetics, including the use of genetic engineering principles to construct tiny biological microprocessors or "biochips." A merger of these steadily-converging areas could allow creation of the symbionic mind, defined as any apparatus consisting of some useful device interfaced with the human brain, which is capable of intelligent action. The current growth of microcomputers foreshadows a trend towards a change in the way learning occurs which symbionic technology will extend, changing the role of the student, teacher, school, and individual in society. This report lists 75 references. (LMM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: McGill Univ., Montreal (Quebec). Faculty of Education.
Identifiers: Biocybernetics; Biotechnology; Electromyography; Interface System; Microelectronics
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Canada, April 11-14, 1983).