ERIC Number: ED233532
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
On Microcomputers, Instruction, and the Severely Developmentally Disabled.
Bourland, Gordon; And Others
Use of microcomputers in a state residential facility for nonambulatory profoundly mentally retarded persons is discussed. The effects of such a severe handicap on the residents is examined, and potential contributions of a microcomputer in providing precise contingency control, recording response data, and delivering immediate reinforcement simultaneously for multiple students are discussed. Adaptions of the keyboard and of the output (from textual to various kinds of sensory stimuli) are noted. A summary of client characteristics is followed by description of a pilot test in which a manipulation program was designed according to goals in the residents' individualized education programs. Case study information showing student response is presented along with a discussion of difficulties encountered (including administrator reluctance to spend the money and organizational turf-defensiveness). Details of the computer circuitry and programs are appended. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Council for Exceptional Children Topical Conference on the Use of Microcomputers in Special Education, (Hartford, CT, March 10-12, 1983).