ERIC Number: ED233331
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Reading Comprehension in Korea: A Text-Oriented Linguistic Approach.
Kim, Byong Won
An analysis of Korean language textbooks currently used by Korean children and of nationally-administered reading comprehension test items for high school graduates reveals a text-oriented reading comprehension approach in South Korea. Text orientation--seeing individual words, phrases, and sentences as semantically unified into a meaningful whole--reflects the organization of the Korean language. A comparison of the Korean and English-as-a-Second Language sections of Korea's National Preliminary Test for College Entrance revealed three significant differences between the sections: while only single texts were used in English reading comprehension, 73% of the items in Korean required students to compare texts; two-thirds of the English text comprehension focused on single words or small portions of texts compared to only half of the Korean; and the English text, unlike the Korean, asked no questions about text types and textual structure. These differences suggest that reading comprehension in English as a foreign language in Korea is less text-oriented than Korean reading comprehension. (MM)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Korean, Language Patterns, Language Research, Linguistics, Native Language Instruction, Reading Comprehension, Second Language Instruction, Semantics, Teaching Methods, Test Interpretation, Textbook Research
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: South Korea; Text Structure
Note: Revised version of a paper presented at the International Reading Association World Congress on Reading (Dublin, Ireland, July 26-30, 1982).