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ERIC Number: ED233295
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Developing Counselor Confrontation Skills by a Self-Instructional or Discrimination/Communication Process.
Yager, Geoffrey G.; And Others
Thirty-one prepracticum counselors were assigned randomly to two methods of confrontation skill training: (a) a cognitive self-instructional modeling group and (b) a discrimination/communication training group. The self-instructional group practiced aloud and, later silently, a set of questions designed to identify and to verbalize a discrepancy in a client's thoughts, feelings or behaviors (i.e., to identify and verbalize a confrontation). They also were taught a method to evaluate the confrontation responses they were practicing. The discrimination/communication training group discriminated levels of effective confrontation using Carkhuff's confrontation scale and, subsequently, practiced communication of confrontation responses. Both groups received 3 hours of group practice and feedback. Assessment of the effects of treatment was carried out through analysis of 15-minute audiotapes made by each subject with a coached client. Dependent measures included total number of responses, number of confrontations, ratings on Carkhuff's confrontation scale, scores on the Multidimensional Confrontation Response Scale, and the Response Relevance Scale ratings. The results indicated that the cognitive self-instruction group subjects made fewer total responses and higher Response Relevance Scale scores, but they did not differ in the measures directly related to confrontation. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Canada, April 11-14, 1983).