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ERIC Number: ED233274
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Self-Efficacy Scale: A Construct Validity Study.
Sherer, Mark; Adams, Carol
Self-efficacy is defined as the belief that one can successfully perform a behavior. Self-efficacy theory asserts that self-efficacy expectancies exert powerful influence on behavior and behavior change. The Self-efficacy Scale, which was developed to assess generalized self-efficacy expectations, consists of two subscales: general self-efficacy and social self-efficacy. To provide further evidence of the construct validity of the Self-efficacy Scale and to investigate the relationships between the Self-efficacy subscales and other personality measures, i.e., the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), the Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, and the Bem Sex Role Inventory, introductory psychology students (N=101) completed all four measures. Analyses of results showed that high scorers on the General Self-efficacy Subscale exhibited better adjustment, as measured by the D, Pt, and Si scales of the MMPI, than low scorers. Higher scores on both subscales were associated with increases in assertiveness and masculinity as measured by the Rathus schedule and the Bem inventory. The results support the interpretation of the Self-efficacy Scale as a measure of expectancies of personal ability to initiate and persist in the performance of behaviors. Positive self-efficacy expectancies contribute to enhanced personal adjustment. The General Self-efficacy Subscale appears to be more useful than the Social Self-efficacy Subscale. (Author/WAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Efficacy; Self Efficacy Scale (Sherer et al)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (29th, Atlanta, GA, March 23-26, 1983).