ERIC Number: ED232959
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct-29
Reference Count: 0
Integrating Reading and the English-Language Arts in the Geography Curriculum.
Rushdoony, Haig A.
Suggested activities for integrating language concepts and comprehension skills into elementary school geography instruction are presented. The activities focus on concept formation through semantic mapping and making analogies, and on comprehension through recalling, generalizing, interpreting, and making inferences. Semantic maps indicate spoke (like spokes radiating from the hub of a wheel), linear, and hierarchical relationships. In the activity presented, students first study physical and political maps of North and South America and answer questions related to certain cities' proximity to water. Next, the class develops a semantic map, the center of which reads "Cities in North America near Water." Three spokes which read "rivers,""lakes," and "oceans" radiate from the center. Finally, radiating from the three spokes are the names of cities situated at each location. Other possibilities for constructing semantic maps are also listed. Samples of written exercises to aid concept formation include drawing analogies; finding rhyming words; and identifying synonyms, homophones, and homographs. Comprehension exercises include answering multiple-choice questions on countries and rivers of North America, sequencing geographic and map ideas, drawing conclusions while reading a story and a map, and determining regional population shifts from a map and a graph. (KC)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Semantic Mapping
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council for Geographic Education (San Diego, CA, October 29, 1982). Some print type may be marginally legible.