ERIC Number: ED232954
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
Belief Structures of Students For and Against the Nuclear Freeze.
Tankard, James W., Jr.
An investigation of college students' belief structures underlying their support or non-support of a nuclear freeze revealed a three-dimensional structure for beliefs in the areas of nuclear weapons and national defense. A questionnaire containing 25 belief statements concerning national defense and nuclear weapons and 4 media use questions was administered to 112 students. Participants, both graduate and undergraduate students, checked one of five responses on a scale ranging from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree." Approximately 74 percent supported a nuclear freeze. A three-dimensional chart was constructed showing locations of supporters and non-supporters of seven policy statements on the questionnaire. Two distinct clusters emerged. One group favored a strong defense, believed in survival after a nuclear war, and believed that nuclear war is not imminent. The second group favored a strong defense, believed that a nuclear war is not survivable, and believed that nuclear war is imminent. However, positions did not differ so much on the imminence dimension as on the defense and survival dimensions, suggesting that an appeal to the imminence of nuclear war is not effective either for supporters or opposers of the freeze. The questionnaire, data tables, and charts are included. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Nuclear Freeze
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (Dallas, TX, May 26-30, 1983). This research was supported by a Faculty Research Assignment from the University of Texas at Austin.