ERIC Number: ED232897
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr-14
Reference Count: 0
The Crossroads of Liberalism in Journalism and Education.
Wallace, James M.
Political responses to the "cult of efficiency" in the schools, academic freedom, and the role of education in social reform between 1914 and 1921 are traced in issues of the "Nation" and the "New Republic." The variety within political liberalism at the time was reflected in a similar diversity of educational positions. Until 1918, the "Nation," as a proponent of the Wilsonian New Freedom, was often suspicious of progressive developments in the schools; the "New Republic," a spokesman for Roosevelt's New Nationalism, was a vigorous partisan of John Dewey's educational progressivism. In 1918, with a change of editors, the "Nation" shifted to a political position more like that of the "New Republic." Although prior to the change the two periodicals could be characterized as vehicles for the old ("Nation") and new ("New Republic") liberalism, both journals expressed suspicion of the efficiency movement in education, consistently supported a greater measure of freedom for instructors at all levels, and believed that schools and colleges should be instruments of reform. Both journals expressed the belief that education could not fulfill its social function by uncritically transmitting values and traditions of the culture. The importance of having outspoken journals defending values somewhat at variance with those of the larger society is illustrated by the response these journals received from prominent members of the educational community. (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dewey (John); Liberalism; Nation (Journal); New Republic (Journal)
Note: A briefer version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Canada, April 11-15, 1983).