ERIC Number: ED232831
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Dec-6
Reference Count: 0
Directionals in Comanche.
McLaughlin, John E.
After the Comanche Indians split from the Shoshoni-Comanche in the early eighteenth century, the Comanche language underwent several subtle changes in the use and position of directional suffixes. The use of two directional suffixes (-kin, meaning "motion toward" and -kwan, meaning "motion away") illustrates these changes. In Comanche, when the action of the verb follows the motion, the initial consonant of the suffixes is generally spirantized. However, when the motion and action are coterminous, the initial consonant of the suffixes is generally either an underlying geminate or a (pre)aspirate, depending on the Pre-Proto-Central Numic stress on the final vowel of the verb root. The source of the geminated/aspirated initial consonant is the durative aspect of the verb root. In contrast, the Shoshoni language has virtually lost the distinction between the geminated/aspirated and the spirantized initial consonant of directional suffixes, and the Southern Paiute language is in the process of losing the distinction. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Comanche (Language); Shoshoni Southern Paiute (Language)
Note: Paper presented at the American Indian Languages Conference (21st) at the American Anthropological Association Meeting (81st, Washington, DC, December 3-7, 1982).