ERIC Number: ED232818
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Policy Options for Rural America: An Overview of Research Findings and Policy Directions.
Bradshaw, Ted K.; Blakely, Edward J.
An analysis of rural population growth and its economic consequences in California, Wisconsin, North Carolina, and Vermont helps explain the changing conditions in rural America and indicates the direction policy should take. Despite their distance from financial centers and their low density, rural areas are generally characterized by a more urban economy, new and diverse employment patterns, and growth in the service sector, all of which have moved rural economics from single-industry economic bases to a complex, diverse, modern place. Existing rural economic policy is now inadequate because it does not address such issues as uneven rural growth, inequalities in economic opportunities, and the reduction of federal resources for communities. An effective redirection of rural policy should consider: (1) redefining economic development strategies to make them more sensitive to rural environments, human resources, and local traditions and institutions; (2) enhancing multijurisdictional economic development organizations such as government districts and organizations, community-based organizations, and special limited-power organizations; (3) improving the quality of rural work by creating economic diversity and targeting opportunities for job and career advancement; and (4) creating economic development programs for the disadvantaged. (SB)
Descriptors: Economic Change, Economic Development, Economically Disadvantaged, Government Role, Human Resources, Life Style, Organizations (Groups), Policy Formation, Population Growth, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural Economics, Rural Environment, Service Occupations, Small Businesses, Urban to Rural Migration
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California; North Carolina; Policy Research; Quality of Working Life; Vermont; Wisconsin
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference on Small City and Regional Development (5th, Stevens Point, WI, March 1982).