ERIC Number: ED232787
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
The Use of Meditation in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity.
Kratter, Jonathan; Hogan, John D.
A total of 24 children, meeting several criteria for being diagnosed as having an attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity, were selected for study. Children were assigned to one of three conditions: a meditation-training group, a progressive-muscle-relaxation group, or a waiting-list control group. Subjects in the training groups were seen on an individual basis for 20 minutes twice weekly for a period of 4 weeks. Meditating subjects sat with eyes closed, breathed slowly and deeply, and repeated the Sanskrit word "ahnam" ("nameless") first out loud and then silently for periods gradually increasing in duration from 2 to 8 minutes. Relaxing subjects tensed and relaxed hands, forearms, biceps, triceps, shoulders, stomach, thighs, and calves in periods increasing from 2 to 8 minutes. Results indicated that both the meditation-training and relaxation-training groups showed significant decreases in levels of impulsivity. No change in impulsivity was found in the control group. In the measures of selective deployment of attention and freedom from distractibility, only meditation training resulted in significant improvement. Parent rating scales reflected a significant improvement in the behavior of children in both the meditation-training and relaxation-training groups. The Locus of Control Scale failed to show significant changes over the course of the study for any of the groups. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A