ERIC Number: ED232575
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-May
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Higher Education: An Analysis of the Research. AIR 1983 Annual Forum Paper.
Melchiori, Gerlinda S.; Nash, Nancy
Research on the impact of higher education on the individual and society is reviewed, and the strengths and weaknesses of the research are identified. Attention is directed to the impact of higher education on individual students, the national economy, local and regional economies, and society in general. The best documented area is the effect on students (economic, cognitive, and attitudinal). There is considerably less research available on the impact of higher education on the national economy. Economists have proposed the Human Capital Development theory in order to measure national impacts. While estimates tend to be approximate and often inconclusive, it is suggested that the investment (e.g., tuition, time out) in human capital yields comparable return (income after completion) to investment in other capital. More studies have been conducted on the impact of colleges and universities on their respective locales or regions. Taking into account cost of the community for providing services to a college and its employees, these studies seem to demonstrate that benefits derived from supporting a college outweigh the costs to the community. Inferences can be drawn from the individual level to the societal level concerning the effects of higher education. (Author/SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: AIR Forum
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research (23rd, Toronto, Ontario, May 23-26, 1983).