ERIC Number: ED232540
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
From Truman to Johnson. Six Studies of "Ad Hoc" Policy Formation in Higher Education. ASHE 1983 Annual Meeting Paper.
Six examples of "ad hoc" White House policy formation in higher education are presented, using records from the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson archives. The process by which the higher education proposals of six task forces and commissions were formulated and then reviewed is reconstructed. The groups examined include the 1946 Zook Commission, the 1956 Josephs Commission, the 1960 Hovde Task Force, and the 1966 Gardner-Howe Interagency Task Force. There were marked differences in the way that higher education advisory groups interpreted and executed their missions, the way in which they interfaced with executive branch policy-makers, and the way in which White House, Budget Bureau, and agency officials responded to "ad hoc" proposals for federal aid to college students and college institutions. It is concluded that the White House response to the recommendations of the higher education advisory groups was often at odds with Budget Bureau and agency responses. The Josephs and Hovde studies show that the presence/absence of White House support for a legislative program proposal was not always the determining factor in the enactment decision. In addition, the appointment of a commission or task force was not always a sign that the President wants to act on a given issue. An extensive bibliography is appended. (SW)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting; Eisenhower (Dwight D); Johnson (Lyndon Baines); Kennedy (John F); Truman (Harry S)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Washington, DC, March 25-26, 1983).