ERIC Number: ED232395
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Effectiveness of Early Special Education for Handicapped Children.
Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.
The report examines effectiveness and cost studies of early special education programs for handicapped children, discusses research and resulting data from Colorado, and concludes that preschool services are beneficial to students and cost effective for society. Chapter 1 reviews longitudinal, shorter term empirical, and third party evaluation studies, with such results as that substantial gains have been documented across handicapping conditions, and that these gains do not disappear. Also found favorable are cost effectiveness, long-term economic returns of early intervention, and direct and indirect savings, when special education begins before age 6. Chapter 2 describes the Colorado research design study in which 518 students from four school districts who received preschool special education were followed through elementary school for 3 years and then compared with nonpreschool educated students. Among results reported are that the Ss received higher test scores, retained skills over time, and required significantly fewer special services than nonpreschool students. Chapter 3 presents aggregated data from 11 Colorado preschool programs providing services from 3-13 years to 4,568 students in various types of programs. Among findings reported is that 31.4 percent of 1,327 children remaining in the districts are now in regular classes, with concomitant savings. Chapter 4 consists of four case studies (e.g. twins, one with preschool experience), and comments by parents. A bibliography contains 6 citations. (MC)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.