ERIC Number: ED232337
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Rate and Quality of Social Behavior of Severely Handicapped Students in Integrated and Nonintegrated Settings.
Brinker, Richard P.
The interactions of severely handicapped and nonhandicapped students in integrated educational settings were evaluated, based on observations made in 1981 and 1982. Data based on 2 hours of observation (on different occasions) for each of 235 severely handicapped students were collected in the fall, and data based on 2 hours were collected in the spring. Four levels of information about social interaction were obtained: (1) a general physical description of the setting in terms of the people present and the kind and size of the room, (2) a specific characterization of the place in which the observation was done, (3) a specific description of the task confronting the student and the other people involved, and (4) continuous event sampling of the interactive behaviors that involved the student. From these observations, specific interaction measures were derived as follows: the number of opportunities for interaction and the number of interactions directed by the student to others, the mean length of interactions, and the social affect of the interaction opportunities. It was found that integrated contexts including both severely handicapped and nonhandicapped students can produce more social behavior from the handicapped students toward other students. Social behavior had a positive effect in integrated in comparison to segregated settings. Finally, there was considerable variation in the rates of social bids of all parties. A list of about 48 references is appended. (SEW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Note: Paper presented at the Integration Evaluation Project Conference of the Educational Testing Service (October 18-20, 1982).