ERIC Number: ED232139
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Organizing: Key to Reading and Writing.
Pehrsson, Robert S.
To avoid confusing children, a reading approach from the very beginning should stress logical relationships based on experiences. Drilling words, sounds, or even sentences should be avoided since these practices lead to deviant schemes. A lifetime scheme involves teaching a child a process. Children need to learn a process by which they can organize ideas in order to produce or comprehend. The semantic organizer approach is such an attempt to help children internalize theoretically models of proficient readers and writers. It is the link between cognitive organization and written syntactic structures. A semantic organizer describes the basic concept. There are six different types of semantic organizers: (1) realia clusters which make use of real objects that children organize around a central topic; (2) picture clusters, which involve only pictures; (3) verb clusters, which are composed of a single verb with pictures and later, nouns related in a diagram; (4) noun clusters, which involve both nouns and verb phrases; (5) concept clusters, which are less structured and represent relationships of ideas to a topic without much regard to the type of words used; and (6) episodic clusters, which demonstrate relationships of events over time. Prior to writing a paragraph, a student can be taught to organize ideas logically without becoming concerned simultaneously with the syntactic issues involved in the writing of sentences. Then the student can concentrate on how the ideas will be structured into sentences. Organization is the key to retrieval; hence, memory (and therefore, comprehension) is assisted if a student is taught to store information components in an organized retrieval scheme. (HOD)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Reading Writing Relationship; Semantic Organizers
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Far West Regional Conference of the International Reading Association (9th, Spokane/Seattle, WA, March 17-19, 1983).