ERIC Number: ED232113
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Black and White Differential Response to Pretherapy Introductions.
To explore the relationship between pre-therapy information and perceptions of therapy by prospective clients, a total of 192 black subjects and white subjects, equally divided by race and sex, were presented pre-therapy information, observed an initial therapy session, and then rated the therapist and predicted the overall therapy duration. Manipulation involved the presence or absence of an introduction differentiating the roles of psychotherapist and client from physician and medical patient. Another variable involved the therapist presenting himself as either specially trained in minority issues or by standard means. It was hypothesized that role information and minority training would elicit higher therapist ratings and longer therapy predictions. Analysis of variance tests were performed with significance set at the .05 level. Although pre-treatment information caused no main effect differences, therapist ratings by blacks increased when therapy information was provided. An interaction effect of role and training information elicited higher therapist ratings and equalized blacks' and whites' predictions of therapy duration. (Author/AG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).