ERIC Number: ED232085
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Families and Definitions of Problems.
Aldous, Joan; Ganey, Rodney
Problem definition appears to influence problem solving outcomes with respect to their quality. In order to determine whether or not families, confronted as a group by a series of possibly problematic situations, would engage in a problem definition phase, and whether or not the phase or its absence would be related to family members' satisfaction with family effectiveness, 48 white families, comprising natural parents and their ninth grade offspring, participated in an observational study. A number of dependent variables including social class; gender of child and maternal employment; family power structure; family problems; family affection patterns; and family communication patterns were examined for their relationship to individual family members' satisfaction. Family members' responses to 17 possibly problematic situations were coded in three categories: a solution perspective; an evaluation perspective; and an analytic perspective. Analyses of family members' scores, based on a model of the relationship between the dependent variables, showed that the model was not supported in a number of respects. Based on the mixed findings in the relationships between the dependent variables, and in the relationship of the dependent variables to family members' satisfaction, a revised model of family interaction was developed which incorporated a limited amount of feedback in family interactions. The results provided little evidence of the relationship between problem definition and family members' satisfaction. An illustration of the model of family interaction is included. (MCF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (Washington, DC, October 13-16, 1983).