ERIC Number: ED232042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Women Hold Up More Than Half the Sky. A Third World Perspective on Women and Nonformal Education for Development.
Bernard, Anne; Gayfer, Margaret
A study examined the nature and extent of women's participation in adult and nonformal education in third world areas. During the study, female coordinators of adult and nonformal educational programs for women in the Arab states, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, Africa, and the South Pacific collected information on such programs from print materials and from practitioners and researchers. Findings were then shared at a workshop attended by 16 women from 14 third world countries. While the problems faced by women and the solutions available to them varied greatly within each region and within each country, the project and workshop did reveal some common needs and problems faced by women across the regions. Throughout the seven regions of the project, development programs generally failed to take women seriously into account as full participants. Much of nonformal education focused simply on helping women improve only within the limited range of activities assigned to them by virtue of their sex. To remedy this situation, governments must formulate more precise, consistent, and integrative policies supporting the development of women and must provide the resources, training, and monitoring necessary to ensure that these policies are carried out. (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Change Strategies, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Educational Needs, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Females, Needs Assessment, Nonformal Education, Participant Characteristics, Participation, Program Improvement, Regional Planning, Regional Programs, Sex Bias, Sex Role, State of the Art Reviews, Workshops
International Council for Adult Education, 29 Prince Arthur Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5R 1B2 ($6.00).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Council for Adult Education, Toronto (Ontario).
Identifiers: Participatory Research; Regional Surveys
Note: Report of a project and workshop held in cooperation with the International Development Research Centre and the Swedish International Development Authority (Udaipur, India, November 1981).