ERIC Number: ED231886
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr-11
Reference Count: 0
Measuring Attitude toward Computers: The Computer Appreciator-Critic Attitude Scales.
Mathews, Walter M.; Wolf, Abraham W.
The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid instrument that conveniently measures a person's attitude toward computers. The final version of the instrument is composed of 40 items on a Likert-type scale which assign scores to subjects on their "appreciative" and "critical" attitude toward computers. The sample included 410 undergraduate students at four universities (in Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee and Pennsylvania) enrolled in education, liberal arts or computer science courses. They were primarily 18-22 years of age (67 percent) and female (60 percent). The responses were initially factor analysed by the principal components method. Since pilot research suggested that a two-factor solution provided the most homogeneous grouping of items, rotational procedures employed only the first two factors which accounted for one third of the total variance. The two factors were rotated to both varimax and oblique solutions. The pattern of item-to-factor correlation suggested that all the items tended to be associated with one and only one factor. An examination of the item loadings suggested that the instrument possesses high face validity. Reliability was assessed by means of split-half correlation and internal consistency. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Likert Scales
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Quebec, April 11-15, 1983).