ERIC Number: ED231858
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
When to "Hold Em" and When to "Fold Em": Ethical Problems of Internal Evaluators.
Adams, Kay A.
This paper addresses the question: What is proper conduct for an internal evaluator? Selected ethical issues are examined, and strategies for responding effectively are proposed. Issues examined are: (1) pressure to downplay negative and emphasize positive findings; (2) reinforcement for nonthreatening evaluation activities; (3) greater interest in making the evaluation unit "visible" than in using evaluation results; and (4) access to privileged information and political inuendos. Next, several gamesmanship strategies for surviving as an internal evaluator are discussed including: (1) reciprocity of self-disclosure, (2) reciprocal favors, (3) establishing an internal support base, (4) maintaining external linkages, and (5) using effective communication skills. This paper has taken the position that evaluators should save head-to-head ethical conflicts for important issues. Day-to-day evaluation decisions should employ gamesmanship. By developing sensitivity to organizational dynamics, the savvy internal evaluator should be able to conduct both ethical and effective evaluations. (PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Compromise; Gamesmanship
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Quebec, April 11-15, 1983).