ERIC Number: ED231697
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Women's Formal Education and Economic Growth: The Case of the Philippines.
Crawford, LouEllen; Sidener, Nancy L.
Research indicates that the education of Philippine women pays off in the economic growth of the country. Previous research which examined women's contribution to national income in six countries indicated that levels of educational attainment and levels of per capita national income were positively or moderately associated in five of the countries (the United States Japan, Sweden, Colombia, and Egypt). In the Philippines, however, where women had a higher educational attainment than in the other five countries, the economic development of the country was relatively low. The present research determined that the Philippines should be compared with countries with similar levels of per capita income. Therefore, a 35-country survey was undertaken using the same hypothesis as the previous research. Results illustrate that Philippine women's education is at least moderately associated with the country's growth indicators. Philippine women comprise a large portion of educational enrollment, labor force participation, and occupational distribution. In 1980, women represented 22 percent of the workers in the highest paying educational sector and 60 percent in the second highest paying sector. Women outnumber men in professional, technical, and related jobs within the civil service. Factors which contribute to the high visibility of women include influence from the U.S., the original high status of Philippine women, egalitarian family structure, and role freedom. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Conference on the Third World (5th, Omaha, NE, October, 1982). Print marginally legible.