ERIC Number: ED231645
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
The Science Race: Training and Utilization of Scientists and Engineers, US and USSR.
Ailes, Catherine P.; Rushing, Francis W.
This book represents a comparison of the systems of training and utilization of scientists/engineers in the United States and Soviet Union. Chapter 1 provides a general description of the economic structure and organization in which the training of scientists/engineers is conducted and in which such trained personnel are employed. In chapters 2-5, the systems of training scientific, engineering, and technical personnel are described. The discussion covers the structure of U.S./Soviet educational systems, focusing on general education, technician training, higher education, and graduate training. Statistical tables providing a quantitative comparison of entrance, enrollment, and completion of various stages in the education process in the two countries are included where appropriate. Chapters 6-9 focus on employment aspects of scientists/engineers, discussing: definitions used for classifying individuals as scientists, engineers, or technicians; utilization of scientists/engineers in research and development (R&D) employment sectors; and the mobility of scientists/engineers between fields, employment positions, and geographic areas. Statistical tables showing science/engineering employment trends are presented as well as U.S./Soviet comparisons of total scientific/engineering manpower and estimated R&D employment aggregates. Principal methods used to forecast demand for and supply of scientists/engineers are described, including some supply projections. Chapter 10 summarizes and assesses some of the principal findings reported. (JN)
Descriptors: College Science, Employment, Engineering Education, Engineers, Foreign Countries, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Labor Needs, Labor Supply, Labor Utilization, Occupational Mobility, Paraprofessional Personnel, Science Education, Scientists, Technical Education, Training, Training Methods
Crane, Russak & Company, Inc., 3 East 44th St., New York, NY 10017 ($22.50).
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.
Identifiers: Research and Development; United States; USSR