ERIC Number: ED231562
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct-9
Reference Count: 0
Outdoor Education Residential Programs; "Where We've Been--Where We Are--Where We're Going."
Mitchinson, Don F.
Although residential experiences in outdoor education have gone through many changes and refinements over the years, the basic concept remains unchanged--to provide school children with both outdoor activities and group living opportunities. In the 1930's, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation developed a camping program in the Battle Creek (Michigan) Public Schools and established several year-round camps, including one offering remedial services for handicapped children. In 1946 Edwin Pumala implemented the San Diego City-County Camping Program which emphasized conservation learning. Today various outdoor learning experiences are provided by national parks, Department of Environmental Conservation centers and camps, college facilities, public and private nature centers, and community nature trails and parks. The Geneva Public Schools (New York) provide a 2-3 week program for 2.5 days and participate in a strand-type curriculum with a central core of forestry. However, like many schools, the program is beginning to experience a "budget crunch," and the solution is not easily defined. Outdoor education has come a long way in the past half century but is now standing at a crossroad. Nine general and 13 specific objectives for a residential outdoor education program are listed. NQA)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Geneva Public Schools NY
Note: Paper presented at the New York State Outdoor Education Association meeting (Buffalo, NY, October 9, 1982).